Solar projects bring economic advantages to landowners and their communities while also providing a source of energy that is environmentally sustainable. If you are a landowner or a developer looking to develop a solar project on a land parcel, here is how you can make the best use of the available space.
Aptly called the ‘co-development model’, landowners have been increasingly acknowledged as an important part of the solar construction projects. Developers have realised their role and are willing to offer them an annual lump sum of minimum Rs 1 lakh per acre. Besides, landowners also have the option sell their lands to developers at the time of lease termination or before if deems fit. This trend is quite popular among developers and has already gained traction in States such as Uttarakhand, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.
The co-development arrangement is a win-win for both the developer as well as the landowner. It guarantees the landowner a stable annual income while the developer gets faster access to land at comparatively lesser capital. In India, where the usage of agricultural land for solar power generation is a sensitive issue, this arrangement comes in handy.
“Green energy is the need of the hour, and the nation has already shifted its focus to it. Large corporates are pumping massive investments into this segment, which means that the demand for land parcels is likely to rise immensely in the near future.”
How can you decide whether the owned land is suitable for solar power generation?
Deciding whether the owned land is suitable for solar power generation involves three major considerations:
Site assessment: Before a power project is kicked off, an environmental review is essential to gauge the project’s potential impact. The existence of wetlands impedes the development of solar power projects. Therefore, these should essentially be considered while locating a solar farm. State laws protecting the wetlands play a major role in determining whether the land is suitable for development or not. Certain
laws require solar power projects to be at a minimum distance from the wetlands. Therefore, thorough scrutiny of such laws is important.
Topography and legal interest: Before setting up a solar farm on a piece of land, two factors must be carefully examined – the physical structure of the land and the person or entity with a legal interest in the land.
With respect to topography, land free of sun-blocking objects such as trees or surrounding structures is considered apt for solar power projects. A land parcel with a gradient of more than five degrees is typically avoided.
A legal survey clarifies the land ownership in the early stages and helps avoid hurdles later.
Neighbourhood: Solar equipment is often arranged in neat rows. It adds clean green energy to the local electrical grid through a non-depleting source. The landowner may be adequately informed, but the surrounding community may need more clarity. Visualisations of the final layout help a great deal in communicating the benefits of a solar project to the neighbours.
Is it okay to have a solar setup in the vicinity?
Yes, it is absolutely normal to have a solar setup nearby your place. As a matter of fact, several States, including Gujarat have already announced solar power policy to encourage small and medium-scale solar energy production on commercial, residential and industrial premises. Here is why we say so:
Solar power generation is the quietest method of generating electricity
It is an emission-free process which means that there is no pollution
It does not require a lighting setup
It adds green energy to the local power grid with no depletion or power cuts
Green energy is the need of the hour, and the nation has already shifted its focus to it. Large corporates are pumping massive investments into this segment, which means that the demand for land parcels is likely to rise immensely in the near future. Leasing land for the generation of clean energy is a significant contribution to the development of the nation. Moreover, it adds stability to the lives of landowners who are struggling to battle the financially adverse effects of the pandemic.
(As Published on 99acres.com: https://www.99acres.com/articles/solar-construction-need-of-the-hour.html)